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英语三级词汇more than的常见用法

2018-01-11 17:26:47 帅露露

more than 是典型的“比较结构”。表“程度”的more than结构,more 应该是程度副词much 的比较级。下面我们就来具体剖析more than的本义,以及衍生的各种用法。
一、more than 的基本含义:
1、表示“数量”概念:“多于,超过”
The job needs more than three people. 这项工作需要三人以上去做。
There are more than fifty workers in this workshop. 这个车间里有五十多个工人。
表示“数量”概念是more than 最基本的用法,可以说一目了然,无须解释。
2、 表示“程度”概念
He is more than a father. 他不仅仅是一位父亲。
(意味着他还起到了父亲以外的作用。)
Her room functions as more than a bedroom. 她的房间的作用超过了卧室。
I like this book more than you do. 我比你更喜欢这本书。
二、more和than的分离:
more than如果分开,than前后是两个并列平行的成分,那么该结构表示一种“取舍关系”,than前面的成分就是“取”,后面的成分就是“舍”。可译为“是A不是B”,或者“与其说是B,不如说是A”。例如:
In some ways she is more like her father than her mother. 在某些方面,她更像她父亲而不像母亲。
He is more a writer than a scholar. 与其说他是学者,不如说是作家。
三、more than 的延伸:
1、 more than 被程度副词所修饰:
这些程度副词一般是much, far, a little, little, a bit, twice等。
Eighty is much more than eight . 80比8大得多。
Teachers do much more than impart knowledge. 教师们所付出的远比传授知识要多。
My car has been using a lot of petrol lately, far more than usually. 近来我的车耗油量很大,远远超过了平时的水平。
   
2、 no more than 和nothing more than:
no more than 和nothing more than,就是字面意思:“不多于,仅仅,只不过”。
It's no more than a misunderstanding. 这只是个误会。
It will take no more than five days to read the book. 只需五天,我就会把这本书读完。
His whole school education added up to no more than one year. 他所受的全部学校教育加起来不过一年。
3、no more ... than +从句
“no more+形容词/副词+ than”也是一种比较结构。这种结构是对than前后两个并列成分的全部否定,意为“两者都不”。
He is no more hard working than she is.他跟她一样都不用功。
Tom was no more surprised than (he was) disappointed at this news. 汤姆听见那消息既不惊讶也不失望。
4、 not ... any more than +从句
“not ... any more than”也是一种比较结构,意味着主句和比较从句全都否定。翻译时可灵活掌握。例如:
They cannot do the impossible any more than we can. 他们和我们同样不能做不可能的事情。(the impossible 指“不可能的事情”,相当于 the impossible things)
   
四、不用比较级原来是什么呢?—— 如果一定要变成原级,那就是表程度的very much:
He was very much a child when his father died.
Climate change is still very much a subject for debate. 气候变化很大程度上仍是一个争论的话题。

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