最新文章

推荐阅读

英语三级考试语法分析:简化宾语从句

2018-01-11 17:26:49 帅露露

同学们常会遇到把含有宾语从句的复合句转化为简单句,使其与原句意思相同(或相近)的试题。那么今天就介绍几种常用的简化宾语从句的方法:
方法一:当主句谓语动词是hope, decide, wish等,且宾语从句的主语与主句主语一致时,宾语从句就可以简化为不定式结构。例如:
Li Ming hopes he will be back very soon. →Li Ming hopes to be back very soon.
We decided that we would help him. →We decided to help him.
方法二:当主句谓语动词是know, learn等动词,且主句主语与从句主语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“疑问词+不定式”结构。例如:
She has forgotten how she can open the window. →She has forgotten how to open the window.
注:当主句谓语动词是tell, ask等动词且后带双宾语,从句主语和间接宾语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“疑问词+不定式”结构。例如:
Could you tell me how I can get to the station? →Could you tell me how to get to the station?
方法三:当主句的谓语动词是order(命令),require(需要)等时,如果主句和从句的主语不一致的话,宾语从句可简化为“名词(代词)+不定式”结构。例如:
The headmaster ordered that we should start at once. → The headmaster ordered us to start at once.
方法四:某些动词后的宾语从句,可以用介词加动名词(短语)等其他形式简化。例如:
He insisted that he should go with us. →He insisted on going with us.
The poor boy doesn't know when and where he was born. →The poor boy doesn't know the time and the place of his birth.
方法五:某些动词后面的宾语从句可转化为“宾语+V-ing形式(作宾语补足语)”结构。例如:
Liu Ping found that there was a wallet lying on the ground. → Liu Ping found a wallet lying on the ground.
方法六:动词seem后的宾语从句,也可以用不定式(短语)来简化。例如:
It seemed that the boys were going to win. →The boys seemed to win.
除上述方法外,还有特殊句式的转化。例如:
I found that it was difficult to learn English well. →I found it difficult to learn English well.
Soon we found that the ground was covered with thick snow. →Soon we found the ground covered with thick snow.
They found that the box was very heavy. →They found the box very heavy.

¥1 适用:青少儿、成人
一对一外教口语课 + 测评报告
已抢91%