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雅思听力技巧——防止被套路

2018-01-08 17:41:48 姚洪锇

雅思听力考试并非是简单的填空或者选答案,出题人设计的题目陷阱重重,烤鸭们稍有不慎便有错失分数的风险。为了帮助广大烤鸭识破命题人所设计题目背后的陷阱,今天口语猫英语就来讲讲雅思听力中如何防止被套路的技巧,希望大家可以解锁雅思听力技巧这个新技能!

套路1——要具备分类提问意识

例1:(OG T1 S4 Q33)
Early humans couldn't use their pots to store __________________.

分类提问意识在本题中是如何体现的呢?题目问的是“早期人类不能用他们的罐子来存贮_________”根据雅思听力的出题套路来看音频中必然不会直接告诉考生答案,题目中问罐子不能存贮什么那么音频中基本上会先告诉考生的是能用罐子来存贮什么,这就是分类提问。

文本解析
The early humans also found a practical use (实际用途、提示词:下面要讲能用pots存贮的东西了)for their discoveries, such as storing things like grain(快速写出grain这个单词)- although there were drawbacks(n.缺点、缺陷,提示词:下面要讲不能存贮的东西了). The pots were porous so that although(此处要注意让步状语从句,其最大的特点在于重心在后)they could carry water(听到carry water的时候考生基本就可以填water了,因为下面讲的必定是不能存贮water)in them, it wasn't possible to store it over a long period.

引申
雅思听力考试高频让步句式汇总:
Although A、B / Though A、B / Despite A、B / In spite of A、B / While A、B / Whereas A、B

当然分类提问意识不仅仅可以应用在填空题中,在选择题中考生也需要具备这种解题意识:

例2:(Cam10 T2 S2 Q14)
What decision has not yet been made about the pool ?
A. whose statue will be at the door
B. the exact opening hours
C. who will open it

这道题目问的是关于游泳池哪个决定还没有做出,那么考生看完题目之后就应该清楚:在音频中基本不可能直接说没有做出的决定,所以根据分类提问的解题意识来看音频中首先会提到的是已经做出的决定。

文本解析
We hope that as many people as possible will be there on June 15th(时间确定、B选项排除). We have engaged award-winning actress Coral White to declare the pool open (宣布开业的人选敲定、排除C)and there will be drinks and snacks available at the pool side. There will also(将要去做)be a competition for the public to decide on the sculpture we plan to have at the entrance. (公众来决定门口的雕塑、因此答案选A)

套路2——选择题选项区间错位,和题目不在同一区间上

例1:(cam10 T4 S2 Q12 Manham Port)
What caused Manham's sudden expansion during the Industrial Revolution?
A. the improvement in mining techniques
B. the increase in demand for metals
C. the discovery of tin in the area

文本解析
A small port established here when , about 900 years ago, tin was discovered nearby(对应的C选项需要排除,因为本题题干中的定位词the Industrial Revolution还没有出现,所以C选项就属于典型的和题目不在同一区间了)though it wasn't until the Industrial Revolution, when a tremendous need for metals of all kinds developed, that Manham expanded to become one of the busiest ports in the country.

例2:(Cam7 T2 S3 Q21)
The Antarctic Center was established in Christ church because ...
A. New Zealand is a member of the Antarctic Treaty
B. Christchurch is geographically positioned
C. the climate of Christchurch is suitable

文本解析
Interviewer: we're pleased to welcome Dr Martin Merry whether of the Antarctic Center in Christchurch, New Zealand who has come along to talk to us today about the role of the center and the Antarctic Treaty.(Antarctic Treaty对应的A选项要被先排除掉了,因为这个表述是在 question about the choice of location for the center之前出现的,也是典型的选项和题目不在同一区间)

套路3——答案通常由本人或当事人给出

这个套路适用的是雅思听力考试的section 1和section 3, 因为这两个部分的听力材料都属于对话的形式。雅思听力如果考到比如某一事情的原因的时候,非当事人的一方通常会先说出自己的猜测而非当事人猜测的原因通常是错误的,往往会被当事人给以否定然后答案通常由当事人给出。

例:
The Director of Studies is concerned about ...
A. the cost of upgrading the center
B. the lack of space in the center
C. the difficulty in supervising the center

文本解析
STUDENT: If we could improve the resources and facilities, I think it would be fine.Is the cost going to be a problem? (对应C选项,听到时提醒自己C 基本上无望做答案了)

DIRECTOR OF STUDIES: it's not so much the expense that I’m worried about (听到not--expense时进一步确认C不选),and we certainlygot room(B选项的lack of space和文本表述有冲突,考生听到这里的时候基本已经可以选A作答案了) to do it, but it's the problem of timetabling a teacher to be in there outside class hours.

套路4——填空题中化解定语从句

例1:(Cam11 T2 Q8)
On Youth Council, wants to work with young people who are _______________.

对于本题而言,考生需要注意的是在音频中几乎不可能听到who are______这个句式结构,在雅思听力的音频中经常都是直接用一个词去修饰young people, 而不会直接给出题目中的定语从句。

文本解析
Well, my sister is blind, so I'm particularly interested in working with disabled young people(答案需填disabled), to try and improve the quality of their lives.

例2:(Cam9 T2 Q8)
To be with other students who are _____________.

同样的出题形式也是同样的套路,在音频中考生几乎不可能听到who are______

文本解析
Well, the first thing is I'd prefer a hall where there areother mature students. (答案需填mature)

小伙伴们看完了今天的雅思听力技巧之后以后再遇到这样的题目就不要再被出题人套路了哦!

¥1 适用:青少儿、成人
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