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科学英语词汇

2018-02-01 17:02:05 孙钡

1、Aerobiology空气生物学(The study of organic particles that are transported by the air. It is also branch of biology)

2、Amphibian两栖动物(a type of vertebrate that lives a portion of its life in water and another part on land)

3、Astronomy天文学(the scientific study of heavenly bodies)

4、Atmosphere大气层(the blanket of gases surrounding the earth)

5、Bacteria细菌(one-celled living organisms. They have no nucleus in their cells)

6、Biology生物学(the scientific study of living things)

7、Botany植物学(the scientific study of plants)

8、Cardiology心脏学(the scientific study of the heart)

9、Carbon cycle碳循环(the constant exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen among living things)

10、Carnivore食肉动物(an organism that eats other animals)

11、Cell细胞(The smallest unit of living matter)

12、Climate气候(The prevailing weather conditions of a region)

13、Dermatology皮肤学(the scientific study of the skin)

14、Earthquake地震(the shaking of the earth’s crust and mantle)

15、Ecosystem生态系统(the group of living and non-living things in an environment)

16、Electricity电(a form of energy produced from the active energies of wind, water, oil, or coal)

17、Embryology胚胎学(the scientific study of embryos)

18、Erosion侵蚀(he weathering away of rock pieces)

19、Evaporation蒸汽(The process by which a liquid changes into a gas)

20、Evolution进化(a change in a population’s gene pool from one generation to another generation by such processes such as natural selection and genetic drift)

21、Galaxy银河系(a collection of stars)

22、Gravity重力(the pull of the earth)

23、Geology地质学(the scientific study of the earth)

24、Habitat栖息地(the place where an animal or plant resides and grows)

25、Hematology血液学(The scientific study of the blood)

26、Herbivore食草动物(an organism that eats plants and other producers)

27、Hibernate冬眠(to enter into a deep sleep or dormant condition during the winter)

28、Hurricane飓风(a large storm with a low pressure at its center)

29、Immunology免疫学(the scientific study of the immune system)

30、Invertebrate无脊椎动物(an animal without a backbone)

31、Lunar Eclipse月食(the covering of the moon as it passes through the earth’s shadow)

32、Mammal哺乳动物(a warm-blooded vertebrate)

33、Meteorite陨石,流星(a mass of stone from space and hits the surface of the moon or earth)

34、Meteorology气象学(the scientific study of the weather)

35、Microbiology微生物学(the scientific study of micro-organisms)

36、Oceanology海洋学(the scientific study of oceans)

37、Omnivore杂食动物(an organism that eats both animals and plants)

38、Opthalmology眼科学(the scientific study of the eyes)

39、Ornithology鸟类学(the scientific study of birds)

40、Parasitism寄生状态(a relationship in which an organism lives in other organism and benefits from that relationship. The other organism is harmed)

41、Parasitology寄生学(the scientific study of parasites)

42、Photosynthesis光合作用(the food-making process of plants)

43、Physiology生理学(the scientific study of the functions of living organisms)

44、Precipitation沉淀(water particles that fall from the atmosphere and reach the earth’s surface)

45、Psychology心理学(the scientific study of mental processes in living creatures)

46、Planet地球(a heavenly body revolving around the sun)

47、Reptile爬行动物(A vertebrate with thick and dry skin. They are egg-laying organisms)

48、Sexology性学(the scientific study of sex)

49、Star星星(a self-luminous heavenly body)

50、Solar Eclipse日食(the covering of the sun when the moon passes between the sun and the earth)

51、Solar System太阳系(the group that comprises the sun and the objects that are revolving around it)

52、Symbiosis共生状态(a relationship between two organisms that persists over time)

53、Tocology产科学(the scientific study of childbirth)

54、Tornado龙卷风(a violent storm of whirling wind that travels across a narrow path in the ground)

55、Toxicology毒理(the scientific study of poisons)

56、Vertebrate脊椎动物(an animal with a backbone)

57、Volcano火山(an opening in the earth’s surface where lave flows out)

58、Water Cycle水循环(the movement of water from the earth to the air, and back to the earth’s surface)

59、Weathering风化作用(the process of breaking down of rocks into smaller pieces and particles)

60、Zoology动物学(the scientific study of animals)

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